1. ͧ죨ex parte cases
(a) ̽ҪߪɪΣ
ί̽êϡί̽ӹ쪿飳Үϴ몳ȪǪ롣⪷ӹΪ̰Ǫӹ˪ΪҪƪꡢϡѢڪ򣲫Ū몳ȪǪ롣
(b)
ϡΪ誦˪ƪΪߡۡ٥٥ߪϴ몳ȪǪ : iϴ̪ꪹꣻii᪷誦Ȫꡢު iii٥٥ݻª٥˪誦ȪȪ
2, 죨inter parte cases
(a) ɣ
ίުί親˪ê横ʪƪϪʪʪɪꪬ롣Ϊ誦ꡢުίϡɪἪϴ몳ȪǪ롣ɪϴ⦪߾Ǫϡϴߪϴ몳ȪǪ루ܪˡ릪ϡê릪ҪȪ룩
(b) ɣ
ުμѪϡɪ̪㪹ϴ몳ȪǪ롣̪㪹ϴ쪿ꡢɪ߾ϴߪǪС쪾ϴߪǪ롣
(c) 横ɣ
later patentee 横쪿ۡ٥ prior patentee תĪʪ㿪Ǫʪ⪷ת릪ʪ㿪横ʪˡϡ横ߪϴ몳ȪǪ롣